Skill Training

Skill training

Executive Summary

This proposal is prepared to submit to the kindful individuals of organizational donors for financial support of tentative NRs. 770,000. The objective of the training is to organize gainful skill training (electrician, plumber, and AC maintenance technician) for 30 youth of Baiteshwor RM, Dolakha. The training will be held in Kathmandu giving emphasis on practical skills at real sites.  Tentatively, NRs. 1400K will be the budget for the packages. However, contributions from local governments and participants will also be explored. After training, the trainees will be compulsorily linked to the job market for gainful opportunities. The spending is around NRs. 1400K (50 thousand per participant), will help to bring the happiness of 30 HHs.  We are committed to investing the money received from you only in the stated project as per the financial rule and regulations of the Government of Nepal. As a donor, you will be welcome to ask us for any information related to this project.



Youth migration in Nepal for foreign employment is high in comparison to south Asian countries. The lack of industrialization, lack of governmental support in the agricultural sector and financial insecurity in investment push youth forward to migration. Youth are educated but due to a lack of practical skills, their education remains unproductive. If they wish to run their own income-generating activities, they do not have skills. Meanwhile, a large number of Indian people come with skills to Nepal and get good opportunities.  


It is our perception that Baiteshwor RM also has high migration for foreign employment. Their major destination of them is the Arabian countries. Some of them move to Japan, Australia, and European countries. However, they are often undermined in payment considering their hands-on skill. 


This training proposal is focused on training 30 youth in different sectors.

  • 10 persons for electric technicians
  • 10 persons for a plumbing technician
  • 10 persons for AC maintenance


Nowadays, a plumber or an electrician charges NRs. 30,000 per floor in Kathmandu for their services. AC technicians also earn good earnings based on cases.


In order to conduct the training, we have already assured the fund of NRs. 560,000.00 from Samundra Belgium. Individuals will participate with a total of NRs. 70,000.00. This proposal is submitted with great expectations from NRs. 770,000..


Proposal submitting to

This proposal has been prepared to submit to Samundra Belgium or any other potential donors for financial assistance.


This is direct gainful training for the participants. The overall objective of this training is to improve the living standard of 30 households in Baiteshwor RM:

  • Trained youth of Baiteshwor RM and link them to the job market.
  • Support the youth of Baiteshor to seek employment opportunities in their villages and nearby cities.
  • Some of the participants may start their own enterprises as plumbers, electricians, or AC technicians.


Budget requirement


SN Training Package Numbers of Trainees Total Budget Outcome
1. Electric Training 10 390,000  


Happiness will in increased in family

2. Plumbing Training 10 440,000
3. AC repairing 10 570,000
  30 1,400,000
Cost sharing  by individual 70,000 5%
Cost sharing by Samundra Belgium 560,000 40%
Requested to share Costs by potential donors 770,000 55%
Total NRs. 1,400,000  


Appeal for support and commitment from Samundra Nepal

  • We are in dire need of NRs. 770,000.00 to conduct the gainful training objectively to bring happiness to 30 families.
  • We are eager to assure you that the received fund will be utilized to achieve the stated objective of maintaining financial transparency according to the government financial policy of Nepal.
  • As a donor, you will be welcome to ask about the progress, process, and all the information related to this project.


Training Administration Process:

  • Participants will be selected based on their needs (criteria will be developed)
  • Training shall be organized in Kathmandu where resources are available for theory and practical sessions.
  • A training provider ( consultancy) shall be explored to lead the training
  • Emphasis will be given to practical skills on-site rather than theory which will be theory 30%, practical 70%.
  • Job providers will be identified for 30 persons prior to the commencement of training.
  • Income after training shall be tracked for impact studies.



  • Trainees will get a gainful opportunity in the market which will contribute to improving their living standards.
  • Trainees will be able to search the market as per their skill.

Turmeric Farming


Management Summary

The turmeric project is proposed by a group from Ward No. 7 Baiteshwor Rural Municipality (RM). Turmeric is a compulsive spice in every Nepali kitchen but it is produced in the lower belt of the country. Nowadays, the proposed project area is covered with vegetation which is a welcoming environment for wild animals that destroy crops but turmeric is not impacted by the wild animals. This is a cause why the people from 100 households (mostly brahmin and Chhetri with 10% cast wise discriminate people) are eager to produce turmeric in their 100,000 sq. meter land in initial years out of 407,000 sq. meter) fallow land to increase their monthly income from NRs. 20,000 to NRs. 40,000 from current household income is NRs. 10,000 by the investment of NRs.1,155,000. The group has requested external support from NRs. 520,000.00 (45%) for equipment whereas the  Ward office is contributing NRs.235,000 (20%). The group is investing a total of NRs. 400,000 (35%) for operational cost. The sustainability of the project is envisioned as the project is implemented in a group forming an executive body that will be responsible to raise maintenance funds and develop the project strategy themselves for continuation.  

  1. Introduction

Turmeric has a high market value in Nepal as it is taken as a compulsive spice in Nepali cuisine. Turmeric is not grown at high altitudes but people use it everywhere in Nepal. It is an underground agricultural product, which does not need extra care. It is not harmed by wild animals like monkeys and deer.  Harvesting and Processing cost and packaging are easy and less costly. Turmeric can be sold against NRs. 620.00 per kg has a local and external market in Nepal.

Ward office has requested Samundra Nepal (SN) to support Turmeric farming in 800 Ropani of land (equivalent to 407,000 Sq. Metre), out of which this proposal covers 200 Ropanies (100,000 sq. meter) in the first stage, hoping to expand in future looking at the outcome in coming days. The ward chairperson of Ward No. 7  has forwarded their plan to Samundra Nepal to introduce turmeric farming in fallow land in Baiteshwor RM, Ward No. 7, Marbu. Ward office also has a cost share planning for the project. Turmeric farming will be managed by a group registered in the ward office as per government rules and regulations.


  1. Relevancy of the project

The greenery is increased in Nepal as a result of people leaving their agricultural land fallow. Also, community forest has helped to increase the forest coverage in the area. The canopy coverage has increased the food and habitat for wild animals to grow their population. The overpopulation of wild animals has magnified the cases of wild animal-people conflict. For example, monkeys destroy maize, vegetable and fruits, and other crops. Deer and other animals destroy wheat, millet, and paddy.

The unwanted attack of wild animals necessitated people to develop ‘resilience’ by opting for alternative farming. Turmeric is produced for household use which can be produced commercially and sent to market. For this purpose, fallow land also comes into use. Farming turmeric will help to revitalize the land and also contribute to improving the living standards of the farmers. Production, storage, and transportation of turmeric can be done without hassle compared to other agricultural works.

The project is generated by local people and committed to investing 35% from agricultural farms recommended by the ward office. The project is linked to generating income through their initiatives of themselves. In the first phase, turmeric will be produced in 100,000 sq. meter land out of available land. Turmeric requires less intensive care from farmers so farmers can be involved in other types of work in different seasons. Currently, many farmers have planted turmeric but they have not harvested it due to a lack of processing equipment.  



The expected change after project implementation







Situation before project

Outcome ( after the project)
Worst case Scenario Best case
Households with youth migration (%) 80 % 50% 20%
  1. U
Fallow land ( Sq. M.) 100000 40000
Youth employment (No.)   100 persons Additional 200 persons
  1. 4.
Household income per month (NRs) 10,000 20,000 40,000
  1. 5.
Type of agricultural products Traditional cropping like Maize, Rice, Wheat Traditional cropping Turmeric for self-consumption Traditional crops for subsistence + Turmeric for commercial purpose
  1. .
Turmeric production(kg/house) Around 3 kg. Farmers have not harvested Turmeric in many instances due to a lack of gridding and packaging facilities. 200kg 600kg


Ward No 7 of Baiteshwor Rural Municipality has around 4500 people from around 750 households.  Among these, a total of 100 households will be covered by the project. They are basically from the Brahmin and Chhetri communities.  However, around 10 households are Dalit households. Dalits are the most deprived people in Nepali society.

  1. Requested Support

Ward No. 7 requested SN on August 4, 2022, with an official letter for support. The ward office requested the following items to be given to the farmers. Mainly, the ward office requests SN for equipment. 

The project owner will be the community which will form an executive body consisting of 11 persons. The executive body will represent the members of the group. The executive body will operate the bank account, maintain the project-related documentation, and collect the maintenance fund. It will be liable to formulate strategy, policy, and rules to maximize the project outcomes and also implement sustainability measures. The mentioned equipment will be the property of the group registered under the rule and regulations of the government. No individual will be allowed to use the equipment for personal benefit rather than community consent.


Procurement of Fixed Assets (Equipment)

SN. Type of Support No of item Estimated amount


Responsible stakeholders
1. Packing Machine 1 100,000 External donor
2. Grinder Machine 1 70,000 External donor
3. Installation of equipment 1 100,000 External donor
4. Tractor 2 100,000 External donor
5. Transportation, training, exposure, etc Lumpsum 100,000 External donor
6. Packing Plastic and labeling Lumpsum 50,000 External donor
Total NRs. 520,000  

Above is the cost of the equipment. The above-mentioned equipment is requested support from external donors. External donors will not invest in operation costs as mentioned below. This is because tracking operation costs is out of our scope. Supporting the operational cost will not help sustainability.


Operational cost for five years

SN Description Annual cost

(First year’s cost)


Cost for additional 4 years (NRs) Responsible stakeholders
1. Insurance cost 25,000 100,000 Ward Office
2. Maintenance Cost 30,000 120,000 Group
3. Training cost 10,000 40,000 Group
4. Fuel/Electricity 20,000 80,000 Ward office
5. Baby plants/seed 40,000 160,000 Group
Total NRs. 125,000 500,000  
Total operational cost 625,000 In 5 years


  1. Cost sharing Scenario


Cost contribution by the stakeholders

SN Description Stakeholders Contribution  in the First year (NRs) Expenses in additional four years (NRs.) % contribution
1. Cost of Fixed assets (Equipment from table-1) External donor 520,000 45%
2. Operation cost

(Maintenance, Training, and baby plants/seed)

Group 80,000 320,000 35%
3. Operation cost ( Insurance, Fuel/Electricity) Ward Office 55,000 180,000 20%
Total 655,000 500,000 100%
Grand total 1,155,000  


The total project cost is NRs. 1,155,000. The fixed cost will be NRs. 520,000 and the operational cost is NRs. 625,000.  


  1. Group will contribute NRs. 80,000 in the first year. Then, it will invest a total of NRs. 320,000 as operational cost making a total of NRs. 400,000.
  2. The ward office will invest NRs. 55,000 in the first year. For the operation cost in another four years, the ward office will invest NRs. 180,000, making a total of NRs. 235,000 till five years.
  3. The external donor will invest a total of NRs. 520,000 in the first year in the procurement of fixed assets (equipment). The external support is not provisioned for the remaining four years.


  1. Transparency mechanism and our commitment

Samundra Nepal (SN) is established as per the rule and regulations of the government of Nepal. We are responsible to the Social Welfare Council (SWC), a government regulatory body so we are law-abiding to get the clearance of our investment in any project in Nepal from the SWC. We have a compulsion to present the audit report annually to get a tax clearance certificate while renewing our registration. All the requirements necessitate us to follow the financial policy of the government of Nepal. On top of that, our donors are welcome to question us, and we welcome them to make their field trip to observe the impact of their hard-earned money. 


SN works based on the working strategy so we guarantee that our support has gone to the needy people to address their relevant needs. Punctual support to the community mobilizing the received fund is assured by our qualified staff.


  1. Sustainability

The project is a group property that will also be monitored by the ward office. The executive committee shall manage the project with strategic input. A certain percentage of the fund shall be allocated to the reserve fund for equipment maintenance. The product shall be available to the sales stores in Kathmandu under the leadership of the ward office.

Water Supply Project

Water Supply Project

Project Name: Water Supply Project

Project Implementation Area: Baiteshwor-5, Dolakha


Clean water is the basic need of human beings. Without clean water, quality of life cannot be attained. Water is not only a life-giving element but also essential for carrying out day-to-day activities and maintaining cleanliness. Thus, the availability of clean and safe water in an adequate quantity and also on time is a must. It is difficult to imagine quality life in the absence of water. If water is not available in any area, people have to walk tens to hundreds of kilometers distance to fetch water, which is energy-consuming and time-wasting. Apart from this, lack of clean water causes different water-borne diseases like diarrhea, dysentery, and cholera. Thus, a proper supply of clean water can make life easier and healthier.

Goals and Objectives:

Goal: The major goal of this project is to supply clean water in sufficient volume and make water readily available for the people of Baiteshwor-5, Dolakha


  • Construction of reservoir tanks for the storage of adequate water from different sources and make it readily available for members of 40 Households.
  • Development of proper plan and system to deliver the water to the concerned households such that it saves both time and energy.
  • Proper preservation and maintenance of the constructed tank and pipes under the supervision of Himalayan Care Hands by Users’ group 

Steps and Methodology of Implementation:

  1. Baseline Study
  2. Coordination and Collaboration with local government
  3. Proposal submission to donor
  4. Approval of proposal from a donor agency
  5. Co-ordination with Social Welfare Council for Project Implementation Approval
  6. Implementation
  7. Formation of User’s group to look after the project
  8. Monitoring and Evaluation regularly by the authorized members of the User’s group
  9. Reporting to Himalayan Care Hands
  10. Follow-up


  • Insufficient water and irregular water supply.
  • Reduction in the number and capacity of water resources.
  • Different water-borne diseases, especially among children.


Demand Calculations:

For one location,

Targeted beneficiaries= 20 HH

Number of people in each Household = 5 members (average)

Targeted population for one location= 5*20= 100 members

Per capita demand =100 liters per day (domestic usage)

Quantity = per capita demand* Population

     =100*100= 10,000 liter 

The capacity of the reservoir tank=10 cubic meter 

Thus, two reservoir tanks of 10,000 liters will be constructed at two different locations. It is not practical to construct one large reservoir tank instead of two small in the project implementation area as:

  1. the water has to be brought from two different sources for two different spots
  2. The topography of the area is such that it demands two distinct places 20 HH live on the downhill and 20 HH on the uphill area of the project implementation area.

Expected Results:

  • Construction of 2 reservoir tanks in two different locations, each targeting 20 Households
  • Regular and timely supply of water to 40 Households
  • Preservation of the tank by a water operator selected among the user’s group
  • Frequent repair and maintenance of the tank, pipes, and taps



A project does not become successful unless it’s sustainable. The sustainability of any project is ensured only if the beneficiaries develop a feeling of ownership towards the project. This can only be attained if they are involved in the implementation as well as taking care of the project. Thus, local people should be involved from the beginning of the project. To further secure sustainability:

  • A consumer group will be formed among the beneficiaries.
  • One operator will be selected among the consumer’s group for regular water supply (i.e. timely opening and closing of the tap) and safeguard the water tank and other belongings of the tank.
  • Minimum cost will be collected among the consumers on monthly basis, which will be utilized for the repair and maintenance of the tank, pipes, taps, and their parts and paying wages to the operator.



The remarkable characteristic of this project is a sustainable approach to quality water supply by making the beneficiary themselves the owner as well as consumers of the project.

Project Cost:

The cost of the project is approximately 12,000 USD, the detailed breakdown of which is given below:

S.N. Particulars   Unit Cost in USD Total Cost in USD
1. Reservoir tank (2) @10,000 liter each 4000 8000
2. Polythene  Pipe (2) approx.2000m 1000 2000
3. Fitting materials (Valves, knots, etc) 1000 2000
  Overall Project Cost 12,000 USD


Tree Plantation Project

Tree Plantation

Project Name: Tree Plantation Project

Project Implementation Area: Baiteshwor-5, Dolakha district


People of Baiteshwor depend merely on a source of income, usually agriculture or animal husbandry to earn their livelihood. But, during the time of emergencies like any health problem in the family or bigger emergencies like the occurrence of natural disasters, they have to depend on others for financial assistance as the money does not suffice. They have to borrow money from friends or relatives. Most of the time they spend the next 2-5 years post the hard times paying back the money to the lender. As a result, they cannot bring any financial growth or improvement in the family, not even saving for that period of time. Thus, there is a need for a secondary source for earning money. Plantation of cash crops and economically viable plants like medicinal and aromatic plants can be the income source for people. At the same time, they will be contributing to environment conservation by preserving water resources, reducing natural disasters, and maintaining the greenery of the area via the grown plants. This is a win-win situation for the beneficiaries.

Goals and Objectives:


  • Developing economically viable or cash crops as a source of income generation along with promoting greenery of the area.


  • Plantation of cash crops, medicinal and aromatic plants saplings
  • Growing and caring for the saplings to grow into trees under the supervision of agriculture expert, Mr. D.B. Dahal.
  • Management of market for the trees and their products.
  • Ground Water source conservation  

Steps and Methodology:

  1. Baseline Study
  2. Coordination and Collaboration with local government 
  3. Proposal submission to donor
  4. Approval of proposal from a donor agency
  5. Co-ordination with Social Welfare Council for Project Implementation Approval
  6. Implementation
  7. Formation of Consumer’s Group
  8. Monitoring and Evaluation regularly on behalf of Himalayan Care Hands by Mr. D.B. Dahal (Agriculture technician and government officer and local resident of Baiteshwor)
  9. Reporting 
  10. Follow-up


Expected Results:

  • Tree saplings plantation that will aid in the income generation of 100 Households.
  • 1-day training on:
    • Cash crop plantation module
    • Use of cash crops and economically viable plants 
  • The greenery and natural beauty of the area is increased
  • Improvement of groundwater source 



Commercial farming of economical plants for income generation of 50*2= 100 HH is an innovative approach to be implemented in this project.



  • Dependency on only one individual and/or one source for income generation.
  • Reduction in the number of trees causing drying up of water sources, air pollution, and different natural disasters like soil erosion and landslides.


Project Cost:

The cost of the project is approximately 4,000 USD, an in-depth breakdown of which is given below:

S.N. Particulars   Unit Cost


Total Cost (USD)
1. 1 Day training to the consumers 500
2. Supervision and monitoring charge for Agriculture technician
3. Plant saplings 3500
Total Cost in USD   4000


The detailed cost breakdown for each plant sapling depends on 

  • The species: will be decided based on season and recommendation of the Agriculture technician 
  • Quantity of the plant saplings: will be decided based on the discussion on the training and recommendation of Agriculture technician. 

Thus, further details will be provided after the project implementation date is confirmed.

Health Camp

Health Camp

Project Name: Health Camp Project 

Project Implementation Area: Baiteshwor, Dolakha

Considering accessibility and area coverage, the health camp will be conducted in a common venue for different wards. The venue model will be as follows:

  •  Baiteshwor ward numbers 1,2 and 3: Venue A(at HCH Hospital )
  • Baiteshwor ward numbers 4,5 and 6: Venue B
  • Baiteshwor ward numbers 7,8 and 6(few): Venue C


Rural areas usually don’t have fully equipped hospitals, both in mechanical and human resources. Even if there is hospital inadequacy of specialist doctors is faced. So, residents of these areas usually don’t get to undergo diagnosis and treatment under expert supervision. They are compelled to visit headquarter or the capital of the country. This visit turns out to be time-consuming as well as expensive considering the travel time and cost. As a result, people do not go for any health examination unless their situation is critical. However, if the specialist doctors are brought to their place through health camps, people will happily go for diagnosis and treatment. Also, during such health camps, any disease or problem can be diagnosed at an early stage which may save the lives of individuals.

Goals and Objectives:


  • To provide effective health service through expert doctors
  • To raise awareness about the importance of timely health check-up


  • The organization of health camps is regular.
  • Provide free and high-quality medical services for the poor population.
  • Refer severe medical cases to Kathmandu
  • Focus on specific camps like ophthalmology camp, dental camp, family planning and gynecology reproductive health camp, etc.
  • Conduction of blood donation camps(for storing blood  Samundra Nepal will coordinate  with Red cross society )

Steps and Methodology:

  1. Baseline Study
  2. Coordination and Collaboration with local government
  3. Collaboration with local and central level hospital
  4. Proposal submission to donor
  5. Approval of proposal from the donor agency
  6. Co-ordination with Social Welfare Council for Project Implementation Approval
  7. Coordination and communication with specialist doctors from Kathmandu city
  8. Hiring specialist doctors
  9. Implementation of project
  10. Feedback from beneficiaries on the effectiveness of the project
  11. Compiling the data of visitors and doctors of the camp


  • Lack of proper health care facilities.
  • Lack of awareness related to health problems and their severe effects.
  • Unaffordable health services like check-ups and medication.
  • Lack of specialists. (E.g.: dentist, gynecologist, etc.)

Expected Results:

  • About 9 Health Camp events with special emphasis on eye, dental and reproductive health.
  • Participation of a minimum of 300  beneficiaries in each event.

Target Groups:

  • Senior citizens
  • Women
  • Children
  • Patients with chronic diseases
  • Residents of Baiteshwor R.M.


Project Cost:

The cost of the project is approximately 3,000 USD per event (an in-depth breakdown will be on the final proposal).

Cost Break down for each event  

S.N Description  unit Amount in USD  Remarks 
1 Doctor Allowance   6 1200 200 USD each  for 2 days 
2 transportation cost  1 400 2 way 
3 Breakfast ,lunch ,dinner,accommodation  1 700  
4 Medication  1 300  
5 Radio station publicity, paper publicity, flex print  1 100  
  Total  2700 USD  

Total cost for 3 event =2700*3=8100 USD 


Cost break down for 3 events in one time (5 days plan for doctor )

S.N Description  unit Amount in USD  Remarks 
1 Doctor Allowance   6 3000 500 USD for  5 days 
2 transportation cost  1 700 2 way cost +3 days local 
3 Breakfast ,lunch ,dinner,accommodation  1 1400 5 days 
4 Medication  1 900 300 USD of each venue 
5 Radio station publicity, paper publicity, flex print  1 100  
  Total  6100 USD  


Agriculture Promotion Project

Project Name: Agriculture Promotion Project

Project Implementation Area: Baiteshwor-5, Dolakha district


The wide range of topography, soil, and climate type available favors for farming of various types of crops in Nepal. People here have been practicing subsistence farming, mostly integrated with livestock. But the scenario is changing nowadays as some farmers have learned about commercial farming and have started to practice it as well. However, the outcomes and outputs have not been so satisfactory. One of the reasons for it is the lack of healthy seeds, fertilizers, modern tools, techniques, and irrigation facilities. Proper training and awareness together with the availability of the resources can bring a remarkable change in the agricultural sector as well as the economy of the country. 

Most of the people in Nepal go to foreign countries especially Gulf countries in search of jobs. It is because there is a lack of employment opportunities and even if the job is available, people are underpaid. This brings dissatisfaction and they start to look for better options, sometimes these options include moving to nearby towns and cities but most of the time it is going to abroad. This is the case in Baiteshwor as well. Physically active and strong ones are in foreign countries whereas children, women and senior citizens live in a village and involve in agricultural works. On top of that, they follow traditional methods of farming like ox-plowed fields, dependency on rainwater for irrigation. As a result, the yield is less in comparison to the hard work and patience invested. So, people lose their interest in agriculture and leave their land barren which compels them to depend on the market for food products that would have been grown organically otherwise.

Goals and Objectives:


  • Developing scientific methods of agriculture and livestock farming will aid in bringing a new era of farming i.e. modern farming
  • Developing agriculture as a source of income generation for 50 Households.


  • Distribution of improved seeds (viable and vigorous seeds)
  • Promote scientific approach of animal husbandry (e.g.: goat farming)
  • Training and Awareness program for commercial agriculture and animal husbandry
  • Training on compost manure  preparations
  • Installation of the plastic tunnel for commercial vegetable farming
  • Conduction of tree plantation programs and developments of cash crops, medicinal and aromatic plant farms by initially developing 3 pilot gardens for knowing the outputs. (The person who had helped on the conduction of the previous Tree plantation project shall be consulted for this project as well.)
  • Establishment of the agriculture-based industry from the products of gardens and farms
  • Development of small-scale irrigation canal by re-using the water used for domestic purposes after undergoing treatment procedure of purification. (Integration with WASH project)
  • Development of small-scale irrigation canal by making boreholes where stream irrigation is not possible.
  • Development of small-scale irrigation canal by re-using the water used for domestic purposes after undergoing treatment procedure of purification. (Integration with WASH project)

Steps and Methodology:

  1. Baseline Study
  2. Coordination and Collaboration with local government and farmer’s group
  3. Proposal submission to donor
  4. Approval of proposal from a donor agency
  5. Co-ordination with Social Welfare Council for Project Implementation Approval
  6. Implementation
  7. Formation of Farmer’s Group
  8. Monitoring and Evaluation regularly on behalf of Himalayan Care Hands by Mr. D.B. Dahal (Agriculture technician and government officer and local resident of Baiteshwor)
  9. Reporting 
  10. Follow-up

Expected Results:

  • 5 days training on:
    • making compost manure for 50 Households
    • Use of 5 hand tractors to 5 representative farmers from the farmers’ group
  • Seasonal seed distribution to 50 Households after training under the supervision of Agriculture expert Mr. D. B. Dahal 
  • Goat distribution to about 50 families.
  • Stream-based and Boring-based about 5 irrigation canals.
  • 3 pilot gardens for cash and economically viable plants
  • Farmers of the area are familiar with scientific and modern methods of farming.


Commercial farming of economical plants and the Purification of water from households for irrigation and artificial pond development is an innovative approaches to be implemented in this project.


  • Unavailability of healthy and improved seeds on time
  • The traditional approach of agriculture and animal husbandry
  • Shortage and unavailability of fertilizers on time
  • Maximum utilization of Chemical fertilizer 
  • Lack of commercial cash crop farms and techniques of its farming
  • Lack of irrigation facility and dependence on rainwater for irrigation purposes


Project Cost:

The cost of the project is approximately 20,000 USD, a depth breakdown of which is given below:

S.N. Particulars   Unit Cost


Total Cost (USD)
1. Hand Tractors (5) 1000 5000
2. Farmers’ Training (5 events) 1 event of each 10HH 200 1000
3. Small Stream-based irrigation system 3000 3000
4. Boring based irrigation system(3) 1000 3000
5. Seasonal Seed distribution post-training 2000 2000
6. Goat Distribution  2000 2000
7. Pilot gardens development (3) 1000 3000
8. Miscellaneous 1000 1000
Total Cost in USD   20,000 


Establishment Of Ophthalmology Ward

The eye is one of the important sense organs of human beings. Any small change or damage to the normal structures and functions of the eye leads to lifelong disability, sometimes even resulting in the loss of vision. Keeping this fact in mind, special care is to be given while dealing with eyes and issues related to them. This calls for the need for ophthalmologists (eye specialists) and various distinct equipment and machinery, specially designed for the eyes. Also, eye patients cannot be treated in the general ward as the eye is as sensitive as an important organ. Small ignorance and carelessness or disturbance possible in case of treatment on the general ward will not negligible. It is the case in Baiteshwor Hospital. As the hospital lacks a distinct ophthalmology ward, eye patients are also obliged to travel a long way and reach district headquarters, solely for dealing with the abnormalities experienced on the eyes.
 Establishment of ophthalmology ward at Baiteshwor Hospital.
 Appointment of the required number of ophthalmologists.
 Management and Purchase of equipment and machinery required for the ophthalmology ward.
 Ensuring effective eye health facility and treatment, especially targeted to the residence of Gaurishankar rural municipality and Jiri municipality.
o Obligations to undergo eye treatment with a general physician.
o Lack of specialists sometimes results in the wrong diagnosis of the problems.
o Lack of proper and specific equipment to undergo diagnosis and treatment.
o Dealing with eye problems is costly as people in this area have to visit the district headquarter or the capital of the country. As a result, poverty-stricken people cannot afford eye treatment and the problem/ disease sustains and increases only.

Project cost :
The local government has arranged an ophthalmologist. A separate ward for an eye is needed, which will be managed by the hospital itself. The contributed cost of the equipment and machinery is USD 5000.


Contribution in installation of isolation ward

isolation ward


There should be a separate ward used to isolate patients suffering from infectious diseases in every hospital and in other medical facilities providers. Many wards for individual patients are usually addressed together in an isolation unit. This ward is developed to avoid spreading the risk of transmitting potential harmful infections i.e. Coronavirus (covid 19) to others.


The main objective of contribution in the installation of the isolation ward is to provide initial care to the covid patient in all the awards of Baiteshwor RM. Other objectives are as stated below:

  • To identify suspected cases as soon as possible to prevent the potential transmission of infection to other patients and staff.
  • Restrict direct physical connection and avoid contact with respiratory and other secretions.
  • To provide psychological support and encourage the patients he/she is in isolation.  
  • To ensure that all employees (including housekeeping staff) are conscious of the correct precautions to be taken.
  • To provide protection to at-risk patients and staff.

Estimation of Cost:

The contributed material and equipment which are necessary to install the isolation ward with their cost are listed on the table:

S.N. Particulars   Unit cost in USD Total Cost in USD
1. Beds for isolation ward (5) 150 750
2. Tray for hospital and isolation ward (10) 50 500
3. ICU/ventilator Monitor for hospital’s emergency ward (2) 1500 3000
  The overall cost in USD 4250


KIWI Project Piloting

Kiwi piloting


A meeting with Baiteshwor Rural Municipality (RM) on November 12, 2021, has emerged to support KIWI. In order to find possibilities, the team Samundra Nepal further explored how ‘High Impacts with Low investment’ is possible in the KIWI project. Based on the learning this draft proposal has been prepared.

Kiwi fruit is a Chinese gooseberry that is termed KIWI in the USA  and European countries. The KIWI fruit is known long back in the 12th century, in 20 century it spread from China to New Zealand for commercial growth. Now, KIWI has worldwide exposure. 

The geographical situation of Nepal permits KIWI production. Considering the geo-climatic variation (70m to 8848 meters in altitude), Nepal is the best place for KIWI production. Technically, KIWI can be produced commercially from 800m to 2900m. One best messages is that we have hectares of land in Nepal from 800m to 2900m suitable for KIWI production.     

Since KIWI is rich in nutrients like Vitamin C, E, and A including dietary fiber, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and copper, it has global demand and Nepal is also a country that has good demand for KIWI. 

KIWI is a fruit easy to farm in a country like Nepal. First, KIWI can grow and produce in two years and continue for 25 years. KIWI has high resistance to diseases compared to other fruits. KIWI does not need excessive water for irrigation. KIWI can be produced in the sloppy land of Nepal so it controls soil erosion.  

Gairaghar area

The meeting with the rural municipality suggested the team go with KIWI support in Baiteshwor RM. Gaira Ghar area is a deprived community that has been oppressed by caste-based discrimination from generation to generation. Though significant changes have been noticed in the Gairaghar area, the poverty level is still at the top compared to adjoining settlements of so-called higher caste people. Including, Gairaghar area is suitable for piloting the Kiwi project in Baiteshwor as it is an area having water supply, and land availability, and is also easily accessible. Moreover, the community has shown their willingness to the local government for support to implement the Kiwi project. On top of all, the maintenance cost for  Kiwi production is low compared to other types of fruits in Nepal.

Targeted area

Currently, we are targeting 12 rapini of land (about 506.25 sq. meter X 12 = 6075 sq. meter), one ropani from each household as a group. 


The Gairaghar area has a total of 20 households. All the households are socially deprived based on caste-based discrimination from generations. The total population of the settlement is about 120 persons, out of which around 50% are women. The main occupation of the settlement is traditional agriculture but the production of crops is not encouraging due to low productivity can not feed to family. Also, having small plots of land is not enough to grow food for the family so many villagers have left the land barren. 

Beneficiaries detail

Description Number Percentage
Beneficiary population 120
Women 60 50%
Men 60 50%
Dalit Pop. (Mijar, Bishankhe etc) 100 80%
Chhetri Pop. (Karki) 20 20%


Implementation approach/process

  • The project shall be implemented through a group formed under the chairmanship of a resident. 
  • The owner of the project shall be the group itself
  • Technical support on production shall be managed through Palika and Samundra Nepal
  • Samudra Nepal shall contribute to pillar construction
  • The community shall provide labor, transportation of plants 
  • Palika and Samundra Nepal shall monitor the progress from time to time, and feedback and suggestions shall be given for improvement.


Locals can sell KIWI in just two years of plantation. The produced KIWI can be exported to Kathmandu within 6 hours of harvest. Charikot, Jiri, Mainapokhari, and Manthali are local markets, while KIWI can be exported to international markets from Gairaghar in one day with a good market price. If we evaluate the present scenario, the market is not a problem for KIWI production. The present market price of KIWI is NRs. 350/kg to NRs. 450/kg

Expected change:

KIWI is a cash crop. Supporting KIWI in this area will help the community to internalize the modern agricultural practices in the settlement. The household income will be raised in just two years. Entrepreneurship will be developed in the settlement. Nutrients for children and elderly people will be available.  


  1. Commercial KIWI farming will contribute to the livelihood of 80% of households.
  2. 70% of the total income of the household will be contributed by KIWI farming
  3. Foreign and seasonal migration of the youth from the settlement will be reduced by 80%.
  4. Plots of the fallow land will be reduced and greenery with KIWI plantation shall be increased just in a year. 


Supporting 12 ropanies of land cost around NRs 5,50, 000.00 in total. The project can be implemented with synergetic efforts from RM, Communities, Ward office, and Samundra Nepal with financial arrangements from Samundra Belgium. 

The tentative cost and contribution pattern      

Component Amount  Responsibility
KIWI Plants 30,000.00 Farmers
Technical input Rural Municipality
KIWI transportation 20,000.00 farmers
Land for KIWI  Community in a group
Support construction 4,00, 000.00 Samundra Nepal via Samundra Belgium
Wire/tools and others 1,00,000.00 Samundra Nepal via Samundra Belgium
Total project cost 5,50,000.00  

Future replicability

This is a piloting project which means that we want to scale up by applying the learning from the project. This project will expand our knowledge so that:

  • The possibility to extend the project to other wards of the municipality will be known to us.
  • The marketing part of the project will be further strengthened.  
  • Suitability of KIWI in Baiteshwor shall be known 
  • Our understanding will be built up to know whether KIWI farming will be really a means to change the livelihood of locals


Exit strategy

The local community is the owner of the project. Samundra Nepal will work as an ‘ incubator’ of the project. We won’t focus on marketing, maintenance, or other support in the project implementation phase.

Farmers will raise the fund by collecting an agreed amount till the KIWI gives production. When KIWI is going to the market, they will raise the fund by collecting a certain amount of money per kg of sale. The collected money shall be spent to replace the dead plant, trim the dead branch, clean the land, maintain the supporting pillars, install and replace the irrigation pipe, etc.


This project shows a ‘low input high impact’ scenario.  Considering the quick impact of a comparatively small amount of investment on the deprived community in a synergetic effort, it is logical to implement the project in the Gairaghar area of Baiteshwor settlement.

Health Camp in Baiteshwor RM

Health Camp in Baiteshwor Rural Municipality on Uterine Prolapse


Healthcare is a basic right of a human being that should be available for everyone and shouldn’t be treated as a commodity only for those who can spend money to buy the services. Even the poorest among us deserve the dignity of equal human rights which cannot be declined.

Uterine prolapse is a kind of hidden health issue of Nepali women, which can be seen high in numbers with women from the age of 40 to 70 years but women with UP may have from the age of 20 (. It is taken as a prestige issue so women, their husbands, and family members keep it hidden in society. The lack of early treatment causes severe problems even to the death of women. Uterine prolapse occurs when the muscles and tissue in your pelvis weaken. This allows the uterus to drop down into the vagina. Common symptoms include leakage of urine, fullness in the pelvis, bulging in the vagina, lower-back pain, and constipation. A study shows that the UP is an outcome of poverty that limits women’s ability to get food, rest, and health treatment timely. (Source: Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital).

Stages of the UP and level of treatment

  • First degree (mild)—the cervix (the lower opening of the uterus into the vagina) protrudes into the lower third of the vagina. The camp shall make women aware to be careful and not lift heavyweight.    
  • Second degree (moderate)—the cervix protrudes past the vaginal opening. In this stage, a vaginal pessary ring can work for a short time till the woman is ready for the surgery. 
  • Third-degree (severe)—the entire uterus protrudes past the vaginal opening. The women should go with the surgery immediately in such a situation. 


The main objective of the health camp is to provide initial care to women suffering from uterine prolapse in all the awards of Baiteshwor RM. Other objectives are as stated below:

  • Provide free and high-quality health services for the women of Baiteshor RM.
  • Raise awareness about UP among women and men in the community and sensitize them to deal with UP. 
  • Identifying the severe cases for further treatment including surgeries if needed to in next events immediately after a few weeks. 

Date and venue 

The health camp has been organized on 31 December 2021 in Mirge and 1 January 2022 in Maina. In order to organize the event, the doctor’s team moved to Maina from Kathmandu on 30 December 2021. The team moved early to Putalikath on 31 December 2021 and returned to Maina on the same date. The camp started at 10 am and ended at 5 pm in Putalikath. 

On 1 January 2022, the health camp was organized in Baiteshwor Hospital, located inward No 5 from 9 am to 4:15 pm. Two Gynecologists including Dr. Deep Mala Karki and Dr. Babita Yadav with medicine contributed to the HC.   

Event Venue Date  Persons cured 
1 Putalikath  31 December 2021 37
2 Maina 1 January 2022 79
Total 116

Geographical coverage and tentative numbers of patients: 

Although the health camp was organized in two locations, the women from almost every ward participated. All the 8 wards of Baiteshwor are focused on the health camp. Among roughly 355 women who were potential with UP-related issues, 115 (33%) got health services from the Camps. The following table gives the details. Considering the health-seeking behavior of Nepali women, UP is a health issue which Nepali women could not express easily, the number of participants is encouraging compared to other health camps.   

Detail of the Health Camp

Graphical coverage/Ward No Potential numbers of women with UP Total
Ward No 2 Ward No 5
Health Camp Venue Ward No 2 office building Baiteshowr Hospital  2 locations
Women attended from ward Nos.  2, 3  3,4,5,6,7 and 8 7 wards 
Total women (116) 37 79 116
Women 50+ years 20 30 50
Women 30-50 years 13 33 46
Women upto 30 years 4 16 20
Dalit (Cast based discriminated) women 4 16 20
Janajati (ethnic) women 33 11 44
Brahmin/Chhetri women (So-called higher cast) 0 52 52

The above table shows that the women from 50+ years have high numbers (43%) of UP affection. This shows that women of the age group above 50 are silent and need more attention in the future. The women from the age 30-50 years seem a little bit lower in numbers having coverage of 40%. The remaining, 17% of women are below 30 years.

While looking at the caste-based data, the number of women from Brahmin Chhetri (so-called higher caste) seemed high. This is realistic because the population of Brahmin/Chhetri is high in Baiteshwor RM followed by Janajati ( ethnic population) and Dalit.    

Reasons for the scenario: 

  • Aged women have high numbers of affection due to the social taboo that blocks them from speaking. Cases were also seen from this age group.
  • The numbers of younger women seem moderate due to early marriage. Some of the women of younger age came to the camp, being aware. Cases of the infection were not found. 
  • Women from the age group 30-50 years seemed high because these women are active for reproduction and also workload is heavy for them. 

Cost estimate 

The total estimated cost for the HC is NRs. 390, 000.00. 


SN. Stakeholders Type of sharing
1 Baiteshwor Hospital Human Resources (Nurse, record keeper, medical equipment as per available, government free supplied medicine), and Project ownership
2 Samundra Nepal Coordination, Facilitating
3 Samundra Belgium  Financial support
4 Rural Municipality/Wards Information sharing through notice,  Mobilizing Community Health Workers
5 Community Health Workers Assisting in the health camp/facilitating women in the venue, information dissemination, collection of data.  

Human Resources

Two Gynecologists and a Physician are proposed to be taken from Kathmandu. Baiteshwor hospital shall contribute a physician and nurses including other personnel as available. They will contribute the medicine free of cost. 


  • Briefed about Samundra Belgium and Samundra Nepal at the meeting with the Minister (Birodh Khatiwada) of the Ministry of Health. The Palika chairperson Chhabi Lama, Vice-Chairperson Rabi Chandra Acharya, and other personalities including the journalist visited the camp. But it is coincidental to have them in our health camp in Baiteshwor Hospital. 
  • The minister was known about how Baiteshwor Hospital was established in support of the people from Belgium and the role of Himalayan Care Hands. 
  • Noticed from FM (Jiri FM, Kalinchowk FM, and Sailung FM) published for a week (led by Samundra Nepal)
  • Discussed and arranged Gyno doctors and equipment needed by Baiteshwor Hospital.
  • Dissemination of the information using loudspeakers and Facebook and through community health workers (By Ward No 5).
  • Purchased medicine and equipment (by Samundra Nepal)
  • Arrangement of logistics by Samundra Nepal.
  • The happiness form was filled up.
  • The remaining medicine of the cost of about NRs 53,000.00 has been handed over to Baiteshwor Hospital. 


  • 116 women were made aware through doctor’s counseling on the causes and consequences of UP and ways to prevent from being infected. 
  • Distributed medicine free of as per doctor’s diagnosis
  • Identified 9 affected women with UP in Ward No 5. Three women got the pessary ring. One case is seen as completely prolapsed but could not be treated due to the age factor. Five women were counseled and advised to take care ( Pessary ring not needed). 
  • In Ward No 2, 7 cases of affected women (second degree) were identified who were already using the Pessary ring for 5 years. Their rings were almost ready to spread infection.
  • Palika, wards, and community health workers were sensitized one more time and the camp helped them to realize ‘prevention is better than cure. 


The Health camp let us know for future replication:

  • Uterine-related health issues in Baiteshwor RM still exist with the aged (<70 years) women whose surgery is not recommended by the doctors considering the age factor.  
  • The impact of the previous initiatives by other donors has been seen clearly as women feel comparatively easy on talking about the issue. 
  • Women from the younger generation are more open and feel easy to talk to. Women from younger ages are aware of UP so found very simple cases. These cases could be treated with a nominal dosage of medication. 
  • Information given through Facebook seems effective. Mobilizing community health workers to disseminate and collect information is effective.   
  • UP cases are seen high in Brahmin/Chhetri class people as poverty exists high with these groups.
  • Two events: one inward No 8 (Chhetrapa) and one in Ward No 7 (Marbu) shall be organized.  
  • No surgery cases to take up incoming events but awareness and curing first-degree cases can be expected.
  • Health camps on focused issues do not allow to have quantity but quality services can be delivered.